Honduras Vital Statistics Roatan Island Vista Villa logo.
Honduras flag

Information from CIA World Fact Book 2011

Map illustration of Hounduras and the Bay Islands.

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Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage. Since then, the economy has slowly rebounded.
Geography ::Honduras
People ::Honduras
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7,989,415
country comparison to the world: 93
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2010 est.)
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0-14 years: 38% (male 1,521,006/female 1,457,790)
15-64 years: 58.4% (male 2,290,300/female 2,280,848)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 127,187/female 156,565) (2010 est.)
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total: 20.7 years
male: 20.3 years
female: 21.1 years (2010 est.)
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1.935% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 62
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25.61 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
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4.99 deaths/1,000 population (July 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 187
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-1.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 165
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urban population: 52% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 3.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
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at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2010 est.)
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total: 21.04 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 97
male: 23.82 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 18.12 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.)
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total population: 70.51 years
country comparison to the world: 143
male: 68.82 years
female: 72.28 years (2010 est.)
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3.17 children born/woman (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
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0.7% (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 65
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28,000 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 71
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1,900 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 60
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degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2009)
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noun: Honduran(s)
adjective: Honduran
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mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
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Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%
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Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects
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definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 80%
male: 79.8%
female: 80.2% (2001 census)
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total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 12 years (2008)
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3.8% of GDP (1991)
country comparison to the world: 119
 
Government ::Honduras
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conventional long form: Republic of Honduras
conventional short form: Honduras
local long form: Republica de Honduras
local short form: Honduras
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democratic constitutional republic
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name: Tegucigalpa
geographic coordinates: 14 06 N, 87 13 W
time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
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18 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Atlantida, Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan, Cortes, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca, Islas de la Bahia, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Barbara, Valle, Yoro
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15 September 1821 (from Spain)
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Independence Day, 15 September (1821)
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11 January 1982, effective 20 January 1982; amended many times
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rooted in Roman and Spanish civil law with increasing influence of English common law; recent judicial reforms include abandoning Napoleonic legal codes in favor of the oral adversarial system; accepts ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
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18 years of age; universal and compulsory
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chief of state: President Porfirio LOBO Sosa (since 27 January 2010); Vice President Maria Antonieta Guillen de BOGRAN (since 27 January 2010); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Porfirio LOBO Sosa (since 27 January 2010); Vice President Maria Antonieta Guillen de BOGRAN (since 27 January 2010)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by president
(For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
elections: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held on 29 November 2009 (next to be held in November 2013)
election results: Porfirio "Pepe" LOBO Sosa elected president; percent of vote - Porfirio "Pepe" LOBO Sosa 56.3%, Elvin SANTOS Lozano 38.1%, other 5.6%
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unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (128 seats; members elected proportionally by department to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held on 29 November 2009 (next to be held in November 2013)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PNH 71, PL 45, PDC 5, PUD 4, PINU 3
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Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (15 judges are elected for seven-year terms by the National Congress)
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Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Felicito AVILA Ordonez]; Democratic Unification Party or PUD [Cesar HAM]; Liberal Party or PL [Roberto MICHELETTI Bain]; National Party or PN [Antonio ALVAREZ Arias]; Social Democratic Innovation and Unity Party or PINU [Jorge Rafael AGUILAR Paredes]
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Beverage and Related Industries Syndicate or STIBYS; Committee for the Defense of Human Rights in Honduras or CODEH; Confederation of Honduran Workers or CTH; Coordinating Committee of Popular Organizations or CCOP; General Workers Confederation or CGT; Honduran Council of Private Enterprise or COHEP; National Association of Honduran Campesinos or ANACH; National Union of Campesinos or UNC; Popular Bloc or BP; United Confederation of Honduran Workers or CUTH
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BCIE, CACM, FAO, G-11, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC (suspended), IOM, ISO (subscriber), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAES, LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINURSO, NAM, OAS (suspended), OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, PetroCaribe, RG (suspended), SICA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCO (suspended), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
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chief of mission: Ambassador Jorge Ramon HERNANDEZ Alcerro
chancery: Suite 4-M, 3007 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 966-2604
FAX: [1] (202) 966-9751
consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, Phoenix, San Francisco
honorary consulate(s): Jacksonville
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chief of mission: Ambassador Hugo LLORENS
embassy: Avenida La Paz, Apartado Postal No. 3453, Tegucigalpa
mailing address: American Embassy, APO AA 34022, Tegucigalpa
telephone: [504] 236-9320, 238-5114
FAX: [504] 238-4357
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three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue, with five blue, five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band; the stars represent the members of the former Federal Republic of Central America - Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea; the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water and the peace and prosperity of its people
note: similar to the flag of El Salvador, which features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Nicaragua, which features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom, centered in the white band
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name: "Himno Nacional de Honduras" (National Anthem of Honduras)
lyrics/music: Augusto Constancio COELLO/Carlos HARTLING
note: adopted 1915; the anthem's seven verses chronicle Honduran history; on official occasions, only the chorus and last verse are sung
 
Economy ::Honduras
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Honduras, the second poorest country in Central America, suffers from extraordinarily unequal distribution of income, as well as high underemployment. While historically dependent on the export of bananas and coffee, Honduras has diversified its export base to include apparel and automobile wire harnessing. Nearly half of Honduras's economic activity is directly tied to the US, with exports to the US equivalent to 30% of GDP and remittances for another 20%. The US-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) came into force in 2006 and has helped foster foriegn direct investment, but physical and political insecurity may deter potential investors; about 70% of FDI is from US firms. The economy registered marginally positive economic growth in 2010, insufficient to improve living standards for the nearly 60% of the population in poverty. The LOBO administration inherited a difficult fiscal position with off-budget debts accrued in previous administrations and government salaries nearly equivalent to tax collections. His government has displayed a commitment to improving tax collection and cutting expenditures. This enabled Tegucigalpa to secure an IMF Precautionary Stand-By agreement in October 2010. The IMF agreement has helped renew multilateral and bilateral donor confidence in Honduras following the ZELAYA administration's economic mismanagement and the political coup.
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$33.77 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 104
$32.94 billion (2009 est.)
$33.65 billion (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
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$15.34 billion (2010 est.)
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2.5% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140
-2.1% (2009 est.)
4.2% (2008 est.)
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$4,200 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 158
$4,200 (2009 est.)
$4,400 (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
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agriculture: 12.4%
industry: 26.9%
services: 60.8% (2010 est.)
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3.394 million (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 98
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agriculture: 39.2%
industry: 20.9%
services: 39.8% (2005 est.)
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5.1% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 48
3.2% (2009 est.)
note: about 36% are unemployed or underemployed
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65% (2010)
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lowest 10%: 0.7%
highest 10%: 42.2% (2006)
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53.8 (2003)
country comparison to the world: 15
56.3 (1998)
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23.3% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 54
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26.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93
23.7% of GDP (2009 est.)
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4.6% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 136
5.5% (2009 est.)
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NA% (31 December 2009)
NA% (31 December 2008)
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19.16% (31 December 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
17.94% (31 December 2008 est.)
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$1.296 billion (31 December 2010 est)
country comparison to the world: 129
$1.564 billion (31 December 2009 est)
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$7.618 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110
$7.064 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
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$7.581 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 105
$7.029 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
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$NA
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bananas, coffee, citrus, corn, African palm; beef; timber; shrimp, tilapia, lobster
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sugar, coffee, woven and knit apparel, wood products, cigars
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2.4% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 124
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6.58 billion kWh (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 103
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6.54 billion kWh
country comparison to the world: 102
note: approximately 1.5 billion kWh in transmission and distribution losses (2009 est.)
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0 kWh (2008 est.)
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11.8 million kWh (2007 est.)
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0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 186
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56,000 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 95
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0 bbl/day (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 147
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46,130 bbl/day (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 88
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0 bbl (1 January 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 170
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0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 100
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0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 144
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0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 172
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0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161
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0 cu m (1 January 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 168
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-$1.048 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 139
-$1.327 billion (2009 est.)
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$5.879 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 105
$5.09 billion (2009 est.)
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apparel, coffee, shrimp, wire harnessing, cigars, bananas, gold, palm oil, fruit, lobster, lumber
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US 59.6%, El Salvador 5.61%, Guatemala 5.28%, Mexico 4.19%, Germany 4.04% (2009)
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$8.878 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94
$5.924 billion (2009 est.)
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machinery and transport equipment, industrial raw materials, chemical products, fuels, foodstuffs
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US 46.81%, Guatemala 8.92%, El Salvador 7.13%, Mexico 5.54%, Costa Rica 4.91% (2009)
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$2.302 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 92
$2.127 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
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$3.54 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 120
$3.311 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
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lempiras (HNL) per US dollar - 18.9 (2010), 18.895 (2009), 18.983 (2008), 18.9 (2007), 18.895 (2006)
 
Communications ::Honduras
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830,000 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 84
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7.714 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 75
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general assessment: the number of fixed-line connections are increasing but still limited; competition among multiple providers of mobile-cellular services is contributing to a sharp increase in the number of subscribers
domestic: beginning in 2003, private sub-operators allowed to provide fixed-lines in order to expand telephone coverage contributing to an increase in fixed-line teledensity to roughly 10 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular subscribership reached 100 per 100 persons in 2009
international: country code - 504; landing point for both the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) and the MAYA-1 fiber optic submarine cable system that together provide connectivity to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); connected to Central American Microwave System
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multiple privately-owned terrestrial television networks, supplemented by multiple cable TV networks; Radio Honduras is the lone government-owned radio network; roughly 300 privately-owned radio stations (2007)
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.hn
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16,075 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 115
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731,700 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 108
 
Transportation ::Honduras
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104 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 56
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total: 12
2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 3 (2010)
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total: 92
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 16
under 914 m: 74 (2010)
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total: 75 km
country comparison to the world: 128
narrow gauge: 75 km 1.067-m gauge (2009)
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total: 14,239 km
country comparison to the world: 123
paved: 3,159 km
unpaved: 11,080 km (1,420 km summer only) (2009)
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465 km (most navigable only by small craft) (2010)
country comparison to the world: 86
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total: 104
country comparison to the world: 49
by type: bulk carrier 8, cargo 50, carrier 2, chemical tanker 7, container 1, passenger 3, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 22, refrigerated cargo 6, roll on/roll off 3
foreign-owned: 49 (Bahrain 5, Canada 1, China 2, Egypt 2, Greece 4, Hong Kong 1, Israel 1, Japan 4, Lebanon 2, Mexico 1, Montenegro 2, Panama 1, Singapore 12, South Korea 6, Taiwan 2, Tanzania 1, UK 1, Vietnam 1) (2010)
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La Ceiba, Puerto Cortes, San Lorenzo, Tela
 
Military ::Honduras
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Army, Navy (includes Naval Infantry), Honduran Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Hondurena, FAH) (2008)
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18 years of age for voluntary 2 to 3-year military service (2004)
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males age 16-49: 1,989,556
females age 16-49: 1,939,462 (2010 est.)
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males age 16-49: 1,483,292
females age 16-49: 1,502,788 (2010 est.)
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male: 94,501
female: 90,757 (2010 est.)
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0.6% of GDP (2006 est.)
country comparison to the world: 156
 
Transnational Issues ::Honduras
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International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled on the delimitation of "bolsones" (disputed areas) along the El Salvador-Honduras border in 1992 with final settlement by the parties in 2006 after an Organization of American States (OAS) survey and a further ICJ ruling in 2003; the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca with consideration of Honduran access to the Pacific; El Salvador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not mentioned in the ICJ ruling, off Honduras in the Gulf of Fonseca; Honduras claims the Belizean-administered Sapodilla Cays off the coast of Belize in its constitution, but agreed to a joint ecological park around the cays should Guatemala consent to a maritime corridor in the Caribbean under the OAS-sponsored 2002 Belize-Guatemala Differendum; memorials and countermemorials were filed by the parties in Nicaragua's 1999 and 2001 proceedings against Honduras and Colombia at the ICJ over the maritime boundary and territorial claims in the western Caribbean Sea - final public hearings are scheduled for 2007
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transshipment point for drugs and narcotics; illicit producer of cannabis, cultivated on small plots and used principally for local consumption; corruption is a major problem; some money-laundering activity
 

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